Brennzünder für Eihandgranate 39

Text copied from "TM 9-1985-2 German Explosive Ordnance" 1953

Length: 2 1/10 inches, diameter: 7/8 inch O.D.
Color: Blue with egg grenade; red with smoke flare.
Material: Brass body; steel tube.

The short body of this igniter is usually made of brass and contains a friction composition in which a friction pull wire is cast.
The lower end of the friction wire is coiled to provide resistance which serves to ignite the friction composition when the wire is drawn through it.
The upper end of the friction wire has a loop to which is fastened one end of a cord about 2¼ inches long.
The free end of the cord is attached to a disc which is within the head.
The steel tube attached to the body contains a "delay pellet" of compressed powder, which in turn, serves to ignite a fuze or detonator.

When the head is unscrewed and the cord is pulled out, the friction wire ignites the friction composition and this in turn ignites the compressed powder delay pellet in the steel tube.
When the delay pellet burns through, it ignites the attached fuze or detonator.

When used with the "egg" grenade, the igniter head under present practice is colored blue and the body is fitted with a 4½-second delay pellet in the tube.
When used with "message tubes" smoke flare, the igniter head at present is colored red and the body is fitted with a 1-second delay pellet in the tube.

In addition to the 1953 text above the following can be added:

Three versions are known, the first model needed to be fitted to the grenade with a spanner, to fit the hexagonal nut.
The other two models had wing-nuts, bend up or down. The bend-down wing-nut did not fit the
Stielhandgranate 43.
The way the wings are bend might differ in many ways (miguel's photo below show most common)
Igniter bodies are also known to be made of made of steel and, more common, zinc.
A yellow fuze cap is known , this is the 7½-second delay igniter.
The steel tube in the base, which held the delay pellet, is covered by a small cap. This needed to be removed before the
Sprengkapsel No.8 was placed over the tube.

The igniter looked a lot like the
ZündschnurAnzünder 39, which had no delay.

The drawing on the right © Evgeny. Made after the original patent.

Above on the left, the pull wire can be clearly seen in Miguels photo.
The copper cup carried the friction compound, and the whole was fixed in the alu/zinc or brass fuze body. Through a hole in the middle of the cup, the friction wire was situated, being spirally rolled under the compound.
When pulled, warmth and friction ignited this flash pellet and initiated the delay fuze, which was kept in the lower thin metal tube. The tube on Miguels photo still has part of the transport cover screwed on.


Photos below © P. Dippel.

Cardboard box for 15 igniters. These cases can be found made of bakelite or steel as well.

Photo below Eric :